John Perrin (Jr.) of Southampton Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania

This section will focus on John Perrin's son John (sometimes referred to as John, Jr.) and the activities of his family in Bedford County, Pennsylvania. A later section will discuss several of his sons as they moved to Ohio, and then I will continue this genealogy with son Thomas.

I want to dedicate this portion of the genealogy to Sharon Spielman Ashcraft, whose collaboration early on in this project was crucial for my understanding the life and times of John Perrin's son John, our mutual ancestor. To quote her; "I'm also a stickler for documentation whenever I can find it. ...The desire for facts just kinda' runs in my veins and I thrive on solving puzzles ACCURATELY!" Sharon finished writing her family history in June, 2008. She was diagnosed with cancer in August, and died September 28, 2008.

Overview of Bedford County

General Geography of southern Bedford County, Pennsylvania
Selected roads as of 1832 shown. Warrior's Path location at best an estimate

Bedford County geography

The map above shows the topography of Bedford County. The land is defined by mountain ridges and valleys. Until 1791 travel east and west through this region was along the Potomac or via a road along the Raystown branch of the Juniata river that passed through Bedford town. Travel north and south depended on a road between Bedford and Cumberland, probably constructed during the Indian War around 1758. The county itself was not formed until 1769; records previous to that time refer to this region as part of Cumberland County.

1816 Southampton Twp

Southampton Township, Bedford County (from Melish, 1816). Residences named: Dicken (Bean's Cove), Adams (Sweet Root Gap into Black Valley), north to south in Town Creek: Kinesman, Howser, Perdew and Johnson

John Perrin lived south of Bedford in present day Southampton Township, formed from parts of Colerain and Cumberland (Bean's Cove) Townships in 1801. This portion of Bedford County is separated from the county seat by a significant mountain and nearly twenty miles. Not surprisingly many of the early settlers of the Town Creek watershed came from Maryland or Virginia.

West of Town Creek is Warrior Ridge, named for the Warrior's Path. This Indian trail, drawn on the 1755 map shown here, traveled east of Warrior Ridge through the Town Creek valley north of present day Chaneysville. For its route south of Chaneysville I have two references. An original 1767 warranty for land patented on the Pennsylvania/Maryland border stated it was :

on the Old Warriors Path the west side of the Warriors Ridge, on Flintstone Creek adjoining the Provincial line in Cumb County

The survey for Spurgeons Choice in 1763 began north of Black Creek and west of Town Creek

on the point of a Little hill on the East side of a small path that Leads from Spurgeons up the old town creek

To me it looks like the Warrior's Path came north from the Maryland boundary west of Warrior's Ridge, and crossed over to Town Creek at Black Valley Gap.

Overview of Black Creek

Town Creek and Black Valley near the Pennsylvania border
Selected tracts are labelled according to their owners as of 1800

The map above shows this region in greater detail. Good land for settlement could be found only in the creek valleys, so the earliest settlers had few neighbors.

The Historical Record

Tax Assessments

The first government record for John Perrin was in 1767, when his residence was assessed in Bedford Township, Cumberland County. After that he was listed in Colerain Township, which became part of newly formed Bedford County in 1771. I have seen eighteen years of records through 1791 in all ; these are tabulated below.

Year Name Tax assessed Stated acreage Other information Reference
1767 John Perrin 10 acres cleared 2 horses, 3 cows
1768 John Perrin 46 acres warrant
9 acres cleared
one horse, 2 cows
1769 John Perron 8 acres cleared 2 horses, 2 cows
1770 John Perrin 63 acres
12 acres cleared
2 horses, 2 cows
1772 John Perron 176 acres 2 horses and 2 cows
1773 John Perron 5 £ (pounds)
1774 John Parran 4 £. 1 s
1775 John Perrin 4 £
1779 John Perrin 40 acres 4 horses, 4 cows
1782 John Perrin 63 acres deeded
50 acres warranted
2 horses, 5 cattle, 6 swine
1783 John Parrom 1 £. 5s. 7p 100 acres 2 horses, 3 cattle, 5 swine
1784 John Perron, deceased 62 acres 1 dwelling, 13 white persons
1788 John Peron 65 acres deeded
50 acres warranted
3 horses, 4 cattle
1789 John Perron 62 acres deeded
50 acres warranted
3 horses, 4 cattle
1791 John Parron 13s. 11p 62 acres deeded
50 acres warrented
3 horses 6 cows
1792 John Parron 7s. 7p
1793 John Parrin 11s. 4p

After 1767, when Perrin was assessed for ten acres cleared land, acreage estimates fluctuated widely until 1782, when a figure of 112 acres became accepted. Each assessment showed between 1-3 horses and 2-4 cows When monetary valuations were listed, Perrin usually registered a tax slightly higher than his neighbors.

A few tax lists recorded unusual information. The 1779 list was not recorded alphabetically. Perrin's portion of the list shown on page 103 apparently proceeded south along Town Creek and then into Black Valley. The 1784 list provided demographics; it reported one dwelling and thirteen people at John Parron's residence. This assessment also noted John was deceased. While this were clearly not the case such an annotation might refer to his wife.

Court records

Other Bedford County records mention John Perrin as well. In 1772, the first session of the Bedford County Court recorded :

On the petition of George Brent and others, setting forth the necessity of a road from Bedford to the Little Tonnollaways near John Powell's. Ordered that William Spurgeon, James Spurgeon, John Perrin, John Friend Jr., Joseph Friend and John Johnson do view the same and they or any four of them make return thereof to the next Court agreeable to the Act of Assembly in that case made and provide. Order issued.

This road is probably the one shown on the map above that goes from Bedford to Hancock, Maryland through Friend's Cove and Chaneysville. John Powell is the subject of another section. Powell's will in 1806 implied that this road was not built until about that time .

The County court appointed John Perrin as Supervisor of the Highways for Colerain Township in 1775 and Constable for the Township in 1787 . He served as juror in 1778 and 1783 . In 1785, he represented Drucilla Perrin in a case in Common Pleas Court involving John Gordon, Jr .

Land records

Persons in Pennsylvania settling on the frontier patented land in much the same way as in Maryland. The state was much more lenient, however. One could live on claimed land indefinitely without a warrant or a survey. Only in the late nineteenth century did the state push for patents on all lands.

John Perrin's original property was not formally patented or surveyed until 1855, after it had been sold to Jeremiah Robinet by John's grandchildren .

Survey map

original Perrin land

Then it consisted of 82 plus acres; probably corresponding to the 62 acres called "deeded land" in the 1791 tax assessments . Its location is shown above. The property included all of Black Valley Gap north of a stream now called Black Creek but on an 1877 map called Perrin's Run .

location of Perrin's Run

Identification of Perrin's Run, 1877

John did obtain warrants in 1787 (50 acres) and 1794 (100 acres, to John Pearrain) ; the dates correspond to two surveys recorded for the same tract .

Survey map

additional Perrin land

This land lay west of his original claim. The two properties are shown together in a final survey done in 1855 for 150 acres ; these are outlined best in the topographic map above.

Neighbors

John Perrin was not the first person to settle in the Black Valley Gap region.

The locations for all these tracts are shown on the topographic map above. Their placement is helpful for interpreting the geographically ordered 1779 tax assessment, a portion of which is shown here.

Last Name Surname Acerage
Johnston Joseph 95
Johnson Tho's 50
Davis Tho's 50
Spurgeon Ezekiel 50
Spurgeon Samuel 50
Stewart James 100
Amrine Henry 100
Bennit Joseph 50
Pearen John 40
Amrine George
Moss Samuel

There are several persons who are not accountable by later land surveys.

Census

The 1784 tax assessment  stated there were 13 people in the Perrin household.

John Perrin was not recorded for certain in the 1790 census. In Bedford County there is an entry for John Penrod; at least this is how ancestry.com reads the record. I have looked at the writing, and it could easily be Perrin misspelled as well. That household contained 2 males over 16 years old, 3 males less than 16 and 6 females.

In 1800 the John Perrin household had 2 males under 10 and 3 females under 15 years of age. By 1810 there were an additional 2 females, for a total of 5 girls and 2 boys.

The 1820 and 1830 census, after John Perrin's death, recorded his wife Sarah as well as two adult males. The numbers of females and children present suggest that one of these men had married. From the census it seems likely that all of Perrin's daughters had left the household by 1820.

Will and estate

John, Jr. wrote his will in 1813 :

In the name of God, Amen. I, John Perrin, of Southampton Township, Bedford County and State of Pennsylvania, being sick and weak in body, but of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding, considering the certainty of death and the uncertainty of the time thereof and being desirous to settle my Worldly affairs and thereby be the better prepared to leave this world when it shall please God to call me hence do therefore make and publish this my Last Will and Testament in manner and form following ? That is to say: First and principally I commit my soul into the hand of Almighty God and my body to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executor herein after named and after my debt and funeral charges are paid that my wife is to keep all my other property under her command, both real and personal while she is in her natural life and after her death all my property both real and personal is to be sold by public sale and the money Kearfuly collected,? My two sons Edward and Ely is to have Eighty Dollars Each before any Divide is made amoungst the children, also Rebecka, Nancy, Amalia, Liddy is to have fifty dollars each before a Divide is made, and Edward is to have the mare wich he put to the horse this Spring and the Colt if she brings one for his own and shant be sold.? Then after this is done their shall be an Equil Devoid mate amongst the hole of the Children of the residue of my property Share and Share alike, and? Lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint my Dear wife Sarah and Richard Davis, my son-in-law, to be my Executors of this my Last will and testament, notifying and confirming this to be my Last will and testament, for testimony where I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this thirteenth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred and thirteen.

John Perrin (seal)

Signed, Sealed, published and declared by John Perrin the above named testator as and for his Last will and testament in the presence of us who at his request in his presence and in the presence of each other have subscribed our Names as Witnesses thereto

John Johnson William Perdue
Abil Johnson Jacob Adams

The will was witnessed by John and Abel Johnson, probable sons of Thomas Johnson , along with neighbor William Perdue and Jacob Adams, the grandfather of J. H. P. Adams. Adams and Robert Bennett proved the will on April 30, 1816.

The will named two sons and four daughters, who likely correspond to the children observed in the 1800 and 1810 census. The identity of Richard Davis, executor, is unknown. He could have been a son of the Thomas Davis who lived near Perrin.

The inventory of the estate shown above was dated May 20, 1816 .

Inventory of the goods and chattles of John Perrin, Late of Southampton Township, Bedford County, Deceased, taken and appraised by John Johnson and Robert Bennett, taken this twentieth day of May A.D. 1816 -

Item Value Item Value
one coat
10.00
one note on Thomas Perrin due 25 Dec 1820
51.50
one ditto
.50
one sorrel horse
16.00
three vest coats 50 cents each
1.50
one mare and colt
40.00
two shirts - $1 each
2.00
one roan horse
30.00
three pair pantaloons 25 cents each
.75
seven head of horned cattle
84.00
one Bed, Bedsted and furniture
30.00
Eight head of sheep
8.00
one Bed, Bedsted and furniture
20.00
four lambs
2.00
one other ditto
10.00
fourteen herd [head] of hogs
14.00
two chests $2 each
4.00
three Bee hives
4.50
two spinning wheels
1.50
two Iron pots
1.00
one Big [By?] wheel
.25
two Duch ovens
2.00
one check reel
.25
one Iron Kettle
3.00
one Dresser and furniture
10.00
one Dito
5.00
one hackle [cloak]
2.00
one Weavers loom
3.00
one friing pan
.75
two horse geers [?]
2.50
one cuting knife
.50
one plough and tacking
2.00
one pair shoe penchers
.25
one Log chain
1.00
one two feet rule
.25
old iron
23.50
one Drawing knife
.25
one flax Break
.50
one side saddle
4.00
set of Weavers spools
.75
one note on Thomas Perrin due 25 Dec 1814
52.12
one old saddle
.75
one note on Thomas Perrin due 25 Dec 1815
51.50
one pair stilards
1.00
one note on Thomas Perrin due 25 Dec 1816
51.50
two flat irons
1.00
one note on Thomas Perrin due 25 Dec 1817
51.50
one table
2.50
one note on Thomas Perrin due 25 Dec 1818
51.50
one shot gun
1.00
one note on Thomas Perrin due 25 Dec 1819
51.50
old harrow teeth
4.25

I, Robert Bennett do Solemly, sincerly and truly afirm that I have well and truly, without partiality or prejudice valued and appraised the Goods, Chattels and personal Estate of John Perron, Deceased, so far as the same came to my sight and knowledge, to the best of my skill and judgement, So help me God.

Signed, Robert X Bennett (his mark), John Johnson

Apraised and Subscribed the 21 Day of May 1816 before me - Jacob Adams

Compared to his father's inventory in 1769, there are more livestock and a fair amount of furniture. I personally am impressed with the tools needed to make cloth. There were promissory notes due from son Thomas each year from 1814 through 1820, leading me to believe John Perrin died between December 1813 and December 1814. Using the information provided by J. H. P. Adams below I arrive at 1734 as John Perrin's year of birth.

Family

The historical record for John Perrin is limited. From it we do know his last wife was named Sarah. Otherwise there is nothing beyond his will and inventory to inform us about his children.

In 1907 J. H. P. Adams wrote concerning John Perrin :

John Perrin's first wife was a sister of Robert Ray. Perrin's second wife was Rachel McCoy. He was the father of twenty-two children and was a useful man in his day, and was loved and respected by all who know him. He died at a ripe old age of 80 years and was laid to rest, on his own farm.

The accounts of J. H. P. Adams unfortunately may reach into fantasy. But while the 1756 John Perrin account discussed earlier contained little accurate information, I believe Adams' statements about later events may stand scrutiny when adjusted for inevitable exaggeration.

Further information about John's children and their spouses came from Josephine (Mrs. Henry) Nycum, daughter of J. H. P. Adams. Helen Greenburg of the Bedford Historical Society interviewed her in 1935 . Ms. Greenburg's typed notes now reside with the Pennsylvania Historical Society , and the text here is verbatim:

John Perrin born December 17, 1722
     
wife
Rachel McCoy was killed by Indians
Sarah Kelley
     
Issues:
     
Joseph married Mary Fletcher
Thomas McLaughlin
Jonathan
William 1st wife -----------
2nd  "  Rhoda Needles
issue to 2nd wife Sarah Kelly
     
Edward      " Alice Williams
Elis Phebe Fedora Bennett
John
Sarah Joseph Powell
Rachael ------ Johnson
Susan Richard Davis
Drusilla Crum or Schrumm
Elizabeth John Johnson
Catharine ------- McLaughlin
Mary John Gordain (Gordon)
Charity Joseph Spurgeon
Rebecca Adam Fetter
Nancy David Fetter
Mile (Millie) Joseph Johnson
Lydia Jacob Crow (eldest son of Michael)
Amelia
.

Other suggestions for the children's spouses can be found in Ben Johnson's genealogy of Griffith Johnson .

Where Nycum's information came from is not known. How much of what Greenburg recorded came from Nycum, or is her own interpretation, is not clear to me. Some information in the list, such as William's second marriage, must have been recorded no earlier than the 1850s .

Wives

Sister of Robert Ray

This person was discussed earlier in conjunction with the 1756 John Perrin sotry. For the purposes of this section I will assume that she is fictitious.

Rachel McCoy

There is no information regarding Rachel McCoy beyond Adams and Nycum. Nycum stated she was killed by Indians, but the chronology to follow shows she or some other first wife fathered John Perrin's earlier children.

The name McCoy first appeared in western Maryland in 1739, when John McCoy patented land on Antietam Creek named Neglect ; the location in overview or detail is shown elsewhere.The will of Archibald McCoy in Washington County, Maryland (signed on September 2, 1804 and witnessed by Joseph Perrin's son Joseph) stated that Archibald was John's son . Archibald's will also mentioned his daughter Rachel Powell, so Rachel was a family name for the McCoys. Finally Joseph Perrin (John, Sr.'s son) served with Archibald McCoy in the Revolutionary War .It seems clear that the Perrin and McCoy families were close, supporting the possibility of a marriage between John Perrin, Jr., and a Rachel McCoy of Archibald's generation.

Nycum stated William and Joseph Perrin were sons of Rachel McCoy . If this be true, the census data cited below make it likely that Rachel lived at least until 1779 and perhaps as late as 1784.

Sarah Kelly

John, Jr.'s last wife was named Sarah. She was named in John, Jr.'s will as well as in property deeds as early as 1801 . From the combined census data I reckon she was born between 1755 and 1760. Her date of death, judging indirectly from probate documents, was between 1835 and 1840. The 1800 and 1810 census data imply she bore children as late as 1800.

Arthur Kent stated in his Kent Genealogy that Sarah was a sister of Rachel and Ann Kelley, who had married John, Jr.'s brothers Joseph and Edward, respectively . Indeed William Kelley, the father of Rachel and Ann, stated in his will written in 1788 :

First, I give and bequeath unto my beloved Wife Mary Ann Kelley this tract of Land which I now live on adjoining Jacob Tutwiler and Archibald McCoy's lines together with the dwelling House, Barn and Stables, and every appertenances thereunto belonging to have and to hold the same peaceably and without Enterception from any of my Successors, heirs or assigns during her lifetime - and at her decease to return to Ann Perrin her heirs or assigns, and I bequeath unto my dearly beloved Wife her Wheel her Bed Bead Stead and Bed Clothes, and the One half of the whole of my moveable estate as her own property and at her disposal of her death, in what manner she shall see cause and the other half to be sold and the debts to be paid out of the same by my wife and also, I allow her whatever quantity of flax & wool there is and whatever is left I allow to be returned to Ann Perrin - I give & bequeath unto John Perrin One Shilling Sterling and no more. And I allow unto Jean Breathard one Shilling and no more, and to Rachel Perrin one Shilling Sterling and no more,...

A more detailed map of Antietam Creek elsewhere shows that the Kelley and McCoy tracts were adjacent to each other. That William Kelley would will a trifle to John Perrin establishes him as Kelley's son-in-law.

The will above also confirms that John and Sarah married by 1788. Nycum's list of children implied that all of John Perrin's daughters were Sarah Kelley's children; that is not physically possible. I will therefore assume that the maternal assignments made in Nycum's record apply only to sons Edward and Eli on the list.

Children

There are a lot of children to account for. J. H. P. Adams stated there were a total of twenty two children. Nycum listed seven sons and thirteen daughters. Considering that John essentially had two separate families with his two wives, this seems possible. Still the household would have been crowded; the 1784 tax assessment was consistent with as many as eleven children in the household .

Sons

Nycum listed seven sons. I believe all seven can be found in the historical record. Excepting Joseph and John, Nycum listed the names in order of their apparent birthdate.

Joseph

Joseph Perrin was present in the 1800 and 1810 Southampton Township, Bedford County census; from those entries I reckon a date of birth between 1775 and 1784. Joseph was married with four sons and one daughter by 1810. Nycum said he married Mary Fletcher , and this is confirmed in a later biographical history .

Joseph obtained a warrant and surveyed land next to John Perrin in April, 1814 .

Survey map

Joseph Perrin patent

It was sold around 1853 by the heirs of Joseph's brother Edward to Artemus Bennet .The tract is shown in red on page 102. This Joseph may be the Joseph Perrin who served with William McLaughlin in the War of 1812 . After 1814, Joseph disappeared from the Pennsylvania record. He and his family emigrated to Ohio in 1815 along with the Archibald Powell family as described later.

Thomas

He will be the subject of his own section. There I assert that his birth may be 1763. Nycum stated he married a McLaughlin ; circumstantial evidence supports that possibility.

Jonathan

According to the 1850 census Jonathan was born in 1770. Johnson reported he moved with sisters Drusilla and Elizabeth Johnson to Harrison County, Ohio . He died there in January 2, 1852 unmarried, in agreement with Nycum . His will clearly showed his relationship to the Johnsons , giving credence to the marriages of Drusilla and Elizabeth described in Johnson's list.

William

There are no hard data regarding this person in Bedford County. He also migrated to Ohio as discussed in another section. From the Ohio records I conclude that he was born in 1777. The census records imply he had left Pennsylvania by 1800.

Nycum stated William married twice, the second time to Rhoda Needles. This marriage, which took place in 1859 in Franklin County, Ohio, was actually between Rhoda and William, son of Joseph Perrin .

Edward

According to the census Edward was born between 1790 and 1800. He was listed in John Perrin's will above. Edward lived on Joseph's property after he moved west, and in the 1820 and 1830 census was listed next to his mother Sarah. Nycum recorded Alice Williams as Edwards's wife . Edward attempted to sell John Perrin's land in 1834 and 1836; in those deeds he gave his wife's name as Nancy . As Nancy was a very common nickname she may be the same person as Alice.

Edward was apparently still alive in 1838 according to Lenox Perrin's account book . Both Edward and his wife died before 1840. In that year Edward's younger brother Eli assumed guardianship for Edward's youngest son Amos . Eli, not Edward, assumed responsibility for the successful sale of John Perrin's land to Jeremiah Robinett in August, 1839n .

Eli

According to the census Eli was born about 1798. After the sale of John Perrin's land Eli stayed in Southampton Township, purchasing 345 acres in October, 1739 . According to the 1860 Southampton Township map this property was 3 miles east of Chaneysville .

1860 location of Eli Perrin land

1860 map of Southampton Township detail showing E. Perrin (lower right)

The 1850 agricultural census showed he had 2 horses, 4 cattle and 16 sheep, producing some grains but mostly keeping pasture on 60 improved acres .

Nycum stated Eli married Phoebe Bennett , and this is accepted by Bennett family genealogists. Eli's will filed in 1870 named her "Frelove" . They apparently had no children, but assumed guardianship for Edward Perrin's two youngest sons Jonathan and Amos .

John (III)

In 1793 John Parran or Perrin of Allegany County, Maryland patented Parran's Chance and That's All, a total of 30 1/2 acres, in the Murley's Branch region . The tax roles from that county showed him assessed for Cars Vineyard in 1798, with 3 horses and 2 black cattle . While Nycum did not record a wife for John, a John Perrin married Mary Newsom in the German Reformed Church, Hagerstown, Maryland in 1795 .

The 1800 census in Allegany County, Maryland recorded John as born between 1755 and 1774, married and with two sons and one daughter. Parran's Chance and That's All were sold to Charles Clymer by John Parran, Jr. of Bedford County, Pennsylvania and Sarah his wife on August 18, 1801 , implying both that this John Perrin was his son and that he had moved away. In another section I will outline what I believe were his family in Ohio. Judging from information there, John was born in 1762.

Daughters

With the exception of Sarah, the thirteen daughter's in Nycum's list appear to be ordered by birthdate . I agree with Ben Johnson when he said that Millie and Amelia are probably the same person .

Sarah

Both Nycum and Johnson stated that Sarah married Joseph Powell . J. H. P. Adams, more specifically said

Joseph Powell married a daughter of John Perrin in the year 1765 or 6 (records destroyed by fire)

In another section I am able to describe Joseph Powell and his relations. There I can conclude that Joseph Powell had a second wife named Sarah whom he married after 1805. Sarah Powell was the head of household in the 1820 census immediately after Joseph Powell's death. There she stated she was born before 1786.

Rachel

Nycum thought Rachel married a Johnson . Johnson proposed Richard Davis or someone named Joseph ; both of those suggestions seem unrealistic.

If Rachel married a Johnson, the most likely candidate is John, the son of Thomas Johnson in Town Creek. But in 1806 John's wife was Elizabeth . Other Johnson candidates include John's younger brother Abel and a number of unknown older brothers known to exist only from the 1784 tax assessment for Thomas Johnson.

The order of Nycum's list implies that Rachel was John Perrin's oldest daughter, born around 1765. John Johnson witnessed Perrin's will and conducted his estate inventory . This makes the most sense if he were a relative.

Susannah

Nycum identified Richard Davis, the executor of John Perrin's estate, as Susannah's husband . Johnson stated he saw this marriage confirmed in Richard's estate papers  but I have not found those documents.

Richard may or may not have been the son of Thomas Davis who I believe lived just south of the Perrin family. Later it is possible that Richard lived near Thomas Perrin in Allegany County, Maryland as discussed in a later section. There the 1800 and 1810 census showed his wife to be born before 1765.

Drusilla

The Progeny of Capt. Griffin Johnson stated Drusilla was born February 17, 1766 . This was probably from a family bible. Her marriage to Benjamin Johnson occurred in 1787. Nycum's information regarding Crum or Shrumm  appears to be incorrect.

Drusilla was mentioned with John Perrin in Bedford County Court in 1785 . Benjamin and Drusilla sold property in Allegany County, Maryland in 1805 ; by then they probably had already moved with Eliazabeth and Jonathan Perrin to Harrison County, Ohio

Elizabeth

Ben Johnson stated Elizabeth was born around 1770, married John Johnson before 1800 and died around 1801 in Harrison County, Ohio . Nycum's record agreed . There is more about Elizabeth and John Johnson in a later section

Catherine

Nycum stated Catherine married a McLaughlin . William Gilbert Lafayette McLaughlin wrote in 1909 that Berriman the brother of William McLaughlin of Town Creek (more about William later) married a Perrin . The author of that family's history disagreed, averring that Berriman married Caroline French. However, the same author stated that the tombstone for Berriman's wife in Greene County, Illinois says "Catherine" . In the 1850 census, Greene County, the Hiram Holiday household (he being Berriman's son-in-law) included an entry for Catharine McLaughlin, age 73, born in Pennsylvania. As Caroline French was born in Maryland, I consider it likely that Catherine Perrin was Berriman's second wife.

Mary

Nycum stated that Mary married John Gordain (Gordon) . John Gordon moved to Black Valley sometime before 1792, when he surveyed several tracts north of John Perrin . He died before 1798, when his sons Thomas and Robert were executors for his estate . Another son Jon was taxed as a freeman in 1791 .

The census showed both Thomas and Robert stayed in Black Valley until 1820 and both of them married wives born after 1775. In 1850 a Mary Gordon, born in 1773, was listed in the of Thomas G. Wright household in Bedford. This Mary Gordon is probably Thomas Wright's mother-in-law. As the Wright family had lived in Black Valley earlier this Mary Gordon may be John Perrin's daughter.

From the information I have it is not possible to discern whether Mary Perrin married John, Jr., Thomas or Robert Gordon.

Charity

Nycum stated Charity married Joseph Spurgeon ; Johnson suggested John Stuart as well . While I have no reason to doubt the existence of Charity Perrin, I can find no evidence for either marriage.

A John Stewart had settled in Friends Cove in the 1750s; his wife in 1791 was named Rebecca and his surviving sons included Thomas, James and Joseph . James Stuart appeared twice in the tax roles, once in Colerain Township in 1779 south of the Spurgeons , and later in Murley Branch in 1783 . The latter tax assessment may have been for New Garden , discussed later. He would be a possible spouse for Charity. Thomas Stewart claimed land south of the Bennett family in Black Valley in 1785 , and was assessed for Agreed in Maryland along the Mason-Dixon line in 1783 . His family, along with a map showing these properties, also occurs later.

The James Spurgeon family included five sons older than John Perrin. All but two of these sons left the region before 1790. I would favor a marriage of Charity to one of Samuel Spurgeon's sons, as William Perrin went west with them. However the data do not support his possibility. There is only one Joseph Spurgeon I can identify; Ezekiel's son Joseph Spurgeon was on the 1803 Bedford County tax lists . Ezekiel's family moved to Ohio shortly thereafter, with no further mention of this Joseph.

Nancy

Nancy was mentioned in John, Jr.'s will. Nycum stated that she married David Fetter .

David was a son of Luke Fetter. Luke had first appeared in the Bedford County court records charged with nuisance in 1782 . He settled in Black Valley between Perrin and Gordon by the 1790s, judging from the survey maps . The 1820 census listed a David Fetter separate from the Luke Fetter household; his wife was born between 1775 and 1795. They had by then a son and a daughter.

In 1838 David Fetter and Nancy, "formerly Nancy Perrin and daughter of John Perrin, deceased", attempted to sell Carrs Vineyard in Allegany County, Maryland . The deed stated that they lived in Southampton Township. David died in 1852 intestate; the probate records showed he left a widow Nancy and eight children including Adam P. [Perrin] Fetters .

Rebecca

Rebecca was mentioned in John, Jr.'s will. Nycum stated she married Adam Fetter .

While there are no records which show evidence that Adam ever married; it is possible that he did marry, and his wife died, in a span of years between the census. There is evidence to support this possibility. The 1830 census for David Fetter contains an extra daughter, born between 1820 and 1825. This woman is not there in the 1840 census. Adam Fetter's will in 1871 mentions all eight of David Fetter's sons but also gives one dollar to Margaret Diehl . In the 1852 David Fetter Probate there is property adjacent to David Fetter's property owned by one Elizabeth Diehl . Without further deed work it would be impossible to say where Elizabeth Diehl's property might be located, but I reckon it was west of the original Fetter land, going up the hil towards Tussey Mountain. Since Margaret may be a nickname for Elizabeth, the two references may be to the same person.

So I am willing to entertain the hypothesis that Adam Fetter married Rebecca Perrin after 1820, and that she gave birth to a single daughter named Elizabeth. Rebecca subsequently died before 1830. Elizabeth was brought up in the David Fetter household and married with a dower of land to a man named Diehl, probably by 1840, ultimately going by the name Margaret.

Millie/Amalea

Amalia was mentioned in John, Jr.'s will. Nycum stated Millie married Joseph Johnson . Joseph first appeared in the census in 1830, living next to Edward Perrin and married with three children. An 1850 land survey showed "Johnson's Improvement" west of Edward Perrin's land . The 1927 USGS map showed "Johnson's Trail" crossing Tussey Mountain beginning at that site.

Joseph Johnson's son Joshua died August 30, 1906; the death certificate stated he was born January 4, 1833 to Joseph Johnson and Millie Perrin .

Lydia

Lydia was mentioned in John, Jr.'s will. Nycum stated Lydia married Jacob Crow.; deeds from 1834 and 1836 substantiate this . There is no information regarding this family in the census.

To summarize this section, there is historical evidence to support seven sons and seven daughters for John Perrin. Using circumstantial evidence I can account for another four daughters. The mistakes seen in Nycum's list may have been later additions to an original Bible record which had come from either Sarah or Joseph Perrin. Nycum somewhat relied on J. H. P. Adam's assessment of John Perrin's wives, with inconsistent reporting as a result. Incidentally, her stated birth date for John Perrin, 1722, is not possible given his father's known birth date of 1711.

Military Service

I have read that several persons have tried to claim John Perrin, Jr. as their ancestor in order to gain admission to the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). The commonly used reference is from the Bedford County Militia, Undesignated Companies. These "undesignated" companies were primarily ranging companies, enlisted to roam through the forests on the lookout for Indian and Tory incursions. One of these companies was an undesignated battalion under the leadership of Capt. Patrick Hainey that included 'John Perrane' . I have read that the DAR has not accepted these applications given the difference in spelling between Parrane and Perrin. However, the original lists prepared in Bedford County from which any recruitment was made show John Paron, John Perren and John Perrin as spellings for this person .

More provocative is a reference in the Pennsylvania Archives concerning the activity of the Colonial Assembly in 1776. Two battalions of men (rifle-men and musket-men, respectively) were organized in March of that year, presumably in preparation for the war for independence. For the rifle-men, Samuel Miles of Philadelphia was made Colonel, and James Piper of Bedford County, Lieutenant Colonel. John Perrin was subsequently named a second lieutenant of that regiment .

This regiment fought in a number of battles around New York and New Jersey that year. However, the following letter from Samuel Miles to the Committee of Safety after July 4 states :

Point Pleasant, Near Amboy, July 27th, 1776.

Gentlemen,

Inclosed is a Resignation of one of our Officers, which I have taken the liberty to except off, in behalf of the Committee of Safety, and have dismissed the Gentleman from the Service. There are now several vacancies in the three Battalions, which I wish to see filled as soon as Possible, Viz't, Edward Thomson, appointed first Lieu't, & John Perrin, appoint second Lieu't, have never excepted the appointments, and Wm. Barnitt, 3d Lieu't, hath resigned.

I would recommend the supplying those vacancies in the following manner.

John Carpenter, now 2d Lieu't to be promoted, Thos. Boyd & David Sloan, both 3d Lieu'ts to be promoted to 2d Lieu'ts, and Joseph Brown Lee, James Holms & John M'Garven to be Lieutenants.

Mr. Brown Lee & Mr. Holms, have done duty as third Lieut's ever sence the Companies to which they belong were raised, & I think it will be doing them no more than common Justice, their Commissions are dated some time in April last; there is an Ensigncy vacant in the Musketry, & at the request of Col. Attlee I now recommend Mr. Davis to supply s'd Vacancy, he is Brother to Doct. Davis of the 1 Batt'n of Riflemen. If the Committee should think fitt to fill up those vacancies (w'ch I hope they will,) I should be glad the Gentlemen's Commissions were forwarded as soon as possible. I am,

Gentlemen, your most obed't
Humble Serv't
SAM'L MILES, Col.
of the Pennsy'n Rifle Reg't.

makes it clear that John Perrin never showed up. Whether this John Perrin be the same as the subject of this section can not be said. Needless to say, some react negatively to the notion that their ancestor would have avoided the chance of being shot at by the British; yet it could be said in response that the same ancestor had already paid dearly in the French and Indian War.

Shawnee Graveyard

J. H. P. Adams stated that John Perrin was buried in the Shawnee Graveyard. This cemebery is thought to have been located just north of Black Valley Gap as marked on the map above. I am told the area was desecrated some time ago .

Adams at various points in his narrative mentioned several others that were buried there, including

Adams said further that the number "1731" was engraved on Joseph Johnson's tombstone.

Robert Ray seems to be fictional, as discussed previously. Sarah Vogan and her husband are doubtlessly buried in Cumberland Township . But the three surnames come from the Balck Valley Gap neighborhood before 1800.

Map of Spurgeon and Iames land

Map of lands north and east of Black Valley Gap
Original Spurgeons Choice outlined in black. Star: site of Iame's Mill

Land Parcel Landowner Survey Year and Reference
1 Joseph Riddle (Thomas Johnston's claim) 1767
2 Hugh Iams 1794
3 Richard Dye 1830
4 Jeremiah Robinette (John Perrin's claim) 1855
5 Eliza McIlfish 1869
6 Willam Perdew, Sr. 1813
a James Spurgeon / William Spurgeon 1769
b James Spurgeon / James Spurgeon, Jr. 1769
pink Aaron Iames 1864
green William Iames (Jr.) 1843

Iames Farm Cemetery

I want to suggest that the Iames family cemetery could also be the location of Adams' Shawnee Graveyard. This cemetery is located somewhere along the dirt road leading from state route 326 to the site of the Iames mill. In addition to a few later nineteenth century stones there are thirty unmarked stones presently.

Iames Cemetery

Photograph of Iames Cemetery © 2013 Gary Nelson

Davis, Perrin and Johnston were all neighbors of Iames. As Adams stated that Richard Iames was buried in the Shawnee Graveyard, placing it on the Iames property would not be unreasonable. While others have proposed that members of the Spurgeon family are buried there , only James, Sr. and his wife Susannah finished their lives on Spurgeon's Choice so I can't figure all the graves come from early members of the Iames and Spurgeon families.

Local lore states that black slaves, perhaps a dozen, are buried in the Iames Cemetery; the lore has been masterfully put into literature in The Chaneysville Incident. I should point out here that the 1790 census, in the William Iames household, listed four slaves. It would seem very likely that these four are buried in this cemetery as well.

Perspective

The life of John Perrin, Jr. spanned a significant period of time during which the United States was born and Western expansion began in earnest. But the isolated valleys of Southampton Township proved to be immune from outside history. Because of this isolation complete records of his life are acutely absent yet there is enough information to piece his life together, much as was possible for his own father.

I am unable to make John Perrin, Jr. as romantic a figure as J. H. P. Adams' narrative would imply. This should in no way diminish the feat of raising not one but two complete families at such a time and place.